STAGE 4. Selecting the theoretical approach

What steps should be completed?

Step 1: Select the theoretical approach or approaches on which the intervention will be based


The relationship between social exclusion and drug dependence can be represented as follows:

Source: EMCDDA, 20031


The bidirectional nature of social exclusion and drug dependence implies that treating and resolving drug dependence would help reduce the risk of exclusion, overcoming this process, just as a reduction in exclusion would help treat and overcome drug dependence, as well as prevent relapses.



1 The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA).  (2003). Social exclusion and reintegration. Annual report on the state of the drugs problem in the European Union and Norway. Lisbon: EMCDDA